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What if...? Portfolio Trouble-Shooting

Potential Problems

Strategies for Improvement

Portfolio has too many work samples Reconsider portfolio purpose(s)

Reconsider selection criteria

Examine organization

Portfolio contains only worksheets Expand variety of instructional activities and assessments
Portfolio contains or resembles cumulative file Examine definition and purpose of portfolio

Consider philosophy of portfolio assessment as student-centered

Portfolio contents show no evidence of self- reflection Examine definition and purpose of portfolio

Have students participate in selection process

Help students understand why samples are included

Student has more than one portfolio Focus on coordination between teachers and programs
Portfolio contents show no evidence of feedback to students Instructional goals and performance standards are clear and articulated

Develop and use rubrics

Students are not sure how to select portfolio pieces Articulate portfolio purposes and selection criteria for contents

Maintain student-teacher communication through conferencing

Align instructional strategies with portfolio philosophy

Students are not sure what to do to meet academic goals Maintain student-teacher communication through conferencing

Align instructional strategies with portfolio philosophy

Develop and use scoring rubrics

Teachers experience difficulty calculating grades Consider options for determining grades based on portfolio contents

Establish a grading policy that is aligned with portfolio assessment

parents are concerned and/or confused about portfolios Involve parents in decision making

Provide parent education on portfolios

Involve parents in responding to portfolio contents

Teachers are overwhelmed and overworked Implement portfolios gradually

Provide staff development and planning opportunities

Involve students in portfolio process

Schedule portfolio assessment into daily class schedule

Portfolios pose a storage problem Consider options; talk to others implementing portfolios

Collect fewer work samples

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Portfolio Trouble-shooting
File Updated August 25, 2005
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